The volume and rate of infusion of dextrose solution will depend upon the requirements of the individual patient and the judgement of the physician.
The maximum rate at which dextrose can be infused without producing glycosuria is 0.5 gm/kg/hr.
The usual recommended flow rate for adult is 10-35 drops per minute infused intravenously.
Adult: 25-50 g combined with 10 units of regular insulin, administered over 30-60 minutes; may repeat if necessary. Alternatively, 25 g combined with 5-10 units of regular insulin infused over 5 minutes; may repeat if necessary.
Child and infants: 0.5-1 g/kg (using 25% or 50% solution) combined with regular insulin (1 unit for every 4-5 g dextrose given); infuse over 2 hr, may repeat if necessary.
Adult: 10-25 g (40-100 ml of 25% solution or 20-50 ml of 50% solution). Doses may be repeated in severe cases.
Child: ≤6 mth: 0.25-0.5 g/kg/dose; >6 mth: 0.5-1 g/kg/dose. Doses may be repeated in severe cases. Max: 25 g/dose.
Adult: 10-20 g as single dose; may repeat in 10 min if needed.
Child: >2 yr: 10-20 g as single dose; may repeat in 10 min if needed.
Dextrose is a monosaccharide that is used as a source of calories and water for hydration. It helps to reduce loss of body protein and nitrogen. It also promotes glycogen deposition in the liver. When used with insulin, it stimulates the uptake of potassium by cells, especially in muscle tissue, thus lowering serum potassium levels.